March 5th, 2012
| Indiana Communities
: Mitchell Daniels, R (to Jan. 2013)
Lieut. Governor: Becky Skillman, R (to Jan. 2013)
Secy. of State: Todd Rokita, R (to Jan. 2011)
Treasurer: Richard E. Mourdock, R (to Jan. 2011)
Atty. General: Greg Zoeller, R (to Jan. 2013)
Organized as territory: May 7, 1800
Present constitution adopted: 1851
: The Crossroads of America
tree: tulip tree (1931)
bird: cardinal (1933)
song: “On the Banks of the Wabash, Far Away” (1913)
Official language: English
10 largest cities (2005 est.): Indianapolis
, 784,118; Fort Wayne
, 223,341; Evansville
, 115,918; South Bend,
, 79,217; Bloomington
, 69,017; Muncie
, 66,164; Lafayette, 60,459; Carmel, 59,243
Geographic center: In Boone Co., 14 mi. NNW of Indianapolis
Number of counties: 92
Largest county by population and area: Marion, 863,133 (2005); Allen, 657 sq mi.
State parks: 23 (56,409 ac.)
State historic sites: 17 (2,007 ac.)
2000 resident census population (rank): 6,080,485 (14). Male: 2,982,474 (49.0%); Female: 3,098,011 (51.0%); White: 5,320,022 (87.5%); Black: 510,034 (8.4%); American Indian: 15,815 (0.3%); Asian: 59,126 (1.0%); Other race: 97,811 (1.6%); Two or more races: 75,672 (1.2%); Hispanic/Latino: 214,536 (3.5%). 2000 percent population 18 and over: 74.1; 65 and over: 12.4; median age: 35.2.
During the 19th century, Indiana was the site of several experimental communities, including those established by George Rapp and Robert Owen
at New Harmony.
Indiana's 41-mile Lake Michigan
waterfront—one of the world's great industrial centers—turns out iron, steel, and oil products. Products include automobile parts and accessories, mobile homes and recreational vehicles, truck and bus bodies, aircraft engines, farm machinery, and fabricated structural steel. Wood office furniture and pharmaceuticals are also manufactured.
The state is a leader in agriculture with corn the principal crop. Hogs, soybeans, wheat, oats, rye, tomatoes, onions, and poultry also contribute heavily to Indiana's agricultural output.
Much of the building limestone used in the U.S. is quarried in Indiana, which is also a large producer of coal. Other mineral commodities include crushed stone, cement, and sand and gravel.
Wyandotte Cave, one of the largest in the U.S., is located in Crawford County in southern Indiana, and West Baden and French Lick are well known for their mineral springs. Other attractions include Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore, Indianapolis Motor Speedway, Lincoln Boyhood National Memorial, and the George Rogers Clark National Historical Park.